Step 1: IOC recognition of an activity as a sport.
The IOC requires that the activity have administration by an international nongovernmental organization that oversees at least one sport.
Step 2: Move to International Sports Federation Recognition
Olympic Movement Anti-Doping Code, including conducting effective out-of-competition tests on the sport’s competitors while maintaining rules set forth by the Olympic Charter.
Step 3: filing a petition establishing its criteria of eligibility to the IOC.
The IOC may then admit an activity into the Olympic program in one of three different ways:
as a sport;
as a discipline, which is a branch of a sport;
or as an event, which is a competition within a discipline.
The Olympic Charter indicates that in order to be accepted,
a sport must be widely practiced by men in at least 75 countries and on four continents and by
women in no fewer than 40 countries and on three continents.
The sport must also increase the ‘‘value and appeal’’ of the Olympic Games and retain and reflect its modern traditions.
There are numerous other rules, including bans on purely ‘‘mind sports’’ and sports dependent on mechanical propulsion. These rules have kept chess, automobile racing, and other recognized sports out of the Olympic Games.
In recent years the IOC has worked to manage the scope of the Olympics by
permitting new sports only in conjunction with the simultaneous discontinuation of others.
Sports that have already been part of the Games are periodically reviewed to determine whether they should be retained.
The Olympic Programme Commission notes that problems have arisen when trying to find venues to accommodate some sports’ specific needs, such as baseball and softball, which were discontinued from Olympic programming after the 2008 Beijing Games.
When choosing sports to include in the program, the IOC must take into consideration media and public interest, since these are a key drive behind the Olympic Games, but must simultaneously manage costs.
Ski ballet involved a choreographed routine of flips, rolls, leg crossings, jumps, and spins performed on a smooth slope. After the mid-1970s the routine was performed to music for 90 seconds.
Short time in the 1980’s Pair Ski Ballet.
Was a Demonstration Sport: Not an official Olympic sport
The origins of skijoring can be traced to 1850s Scandinavia, when residents drawn to the various gold rushes in the western United States returned home and introduced Native American dog sledding traditions they had witnessed to local conditions.
One dog more practical to raise than a team, if pulling a sled then having the driver ski behind was easier on the animal.
Equestrian Skijoring: Pulled like water skiing behind horse
Saint Moritz Switzerland the horse is riderless so skier is also guiding the horse.
Either way horse has to be specially trained to pull a skier.
Said to have originated as a method of winter travel.
Reindeer Skijoring Debut in Sotckholm Nordic Games 1901.
Dog Skijoring: Skier provides power by skiing and using poles.
Dogs provide boost.
No reigns or signaling devices, dogs must be motivated to run and willing to obey skier.
Races are often held in conjunction with sled dog racing.
Tug of war was contested as a team event in the Summer Olympics at every Olympiad from 1900 to 1920. Originally the competition was entered by groups called clubs. A country could enter more than one club in the competition, making it possible for one country to earn multiple medals. This happened in 1904, when the United States won all three medals, and in 1908 when the podium was occupied by three British teams
Jean Jacoby’s Corner, left and Rugby. 1928 Olympic Competition in Amsterdam, Jacoby won a gold medal for Rugby. (Collection: Olympic Museum Laussane)
From 1912 to 1952 poets, painters competed for bronze, silver. And gold. In:
Architecture, Musical Composition, Sculpture, Painting and Literature
According to the Huffington Post, the Pentathlon of the Muses was Brian child of Baron Pierre de Coulbertin he thought adding the arts to the sporty Olympics would add an intellectual compass to the rapidly industrializing world
works inspired by sport were allowed to receive medals.
151 medals to original works were awarded
Arts judged by a panel-controversy even from the start.
Why only sports themes
According to Smithsonian.com 1912 American Marksman, Walter W. Winans won in silver for sharpshooting shooting and gold for a bronze sculpture of a 20 inch horse pulling a small chariot. That was the first ever Olympic Gold medal for sculpture.
Waler Winan’s An American Trotter. (Collection: Idrottsmuseet i Malmo)
During the 1932 games in Los Angeles, nearly 400,000 people visited the LA Museum of History, Science and Art to see the works entered.
After WWII, the Pentathlon had troubles. Ended when the argument about amateurs came up. At that time, only an amateur was allowed to compete, it was decided that artist were professionals. They rely on their art to make money and could use the medals won to gain fame.
Judges began to refuse to arbitrate—they claimed the entries weren’t very good
Strange twist, there isn’t much info about The Pentathlon of the Muses. The Olympic web site doesn’t even list the medal winners for the arts. They have been stricken from the official record and do not count toward countries current medal counts.
Equestrian Vaulting: Discontinued
Part of the 1920 games in Antwerp
Belgium, France and Sweden were the only competitors
Acrobatic skill on the backs of horses. Sport has been around for at least 2,00o years
Horse is moving usually at a walk or a trot lounged by another person while the vaulter competes
In the 1920 Olympics, It was only men competing.
Mostly jumping over the horse and somersaulting over the horse
Modern Vaulting developed in post war Germany to introduce children to equestrian sports
Now a days it’s choreographed with music and gaining in popularity, even in the US.
The 2010 equestrian games had hundreds of horse vaulters from 50 countries. Currently trying to gain recognition by the IOC
Club Swinging AKA Indian Club: Discontinued
Appeared twice as a sport 1904 St. Louis (3 competitors all from the US) and called Indian Clubs in 1932 Los Angeles Four compete 3 USA one from Mexico
Called Indian Clubs or Persian Meels, Come from Persia, Egypt and the Middle East used as weapons
British colonist came across the pins in India. So of course, they called them Indian Clubs. 19th century exercise equipment used for strength and agility training.
Can be of varying weight
Super popular in the Victorian era used by military and fancy ladies…gyms were built specifically for exercise groups.
Two clubs, look like juggling pins. Swung around the body in a set routine.
Precursor to rhythmic gymnastics/baton
They were the inspiration for juggling pins
During the Olympics, the clubs weighed a pound and a half
Gaining popularity as a workout today
the winner of the 1932 event, George Roth is supposed to have received his medal in front of 60,000 people then walked out of the stadium and hitch hiked home
Supposedly only one person came to watch, An Englishman.
Some of the sports we are talking about were DEMONSTRATION SPORTS. Normally used to promote a local sport from the host country. Now they are more likely to be used to to gauge interest in a new sport. Not introduced officially until 1912.
Canon Shooting: Demonstration 1900 games in Paris
Possible competition for distance and accuracy. 17 events all for men. Only french competitors.